Implementing CTA from Within Stata: Characterizing Participation in Observational Studies (Invited)

Ariel Linden

Linden Consulting Group, LLC

In contrast to randomized studies where individuals have no control over their treatment assignment, participants in observational studies self-select into the treatment arm and are therefore likely to differ in their characteristics from those who elect not to participate. These differences may explain part, or all, of the difference in the observed outcome. In this paper, I describe how the new Stata package for implementing CTA can identify patterns in the data that distinguish study participants from non-participants, revealing potentially complex relationships among individual characteristics that may bias the outcome analysis.

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